50 Fun Facts about Puerto Rico (2023)

Underground river in Camuy,_Puerto_Rico photo by By Oscar Rohena Wikimedia

Puerto Rico is a Caribbean island and unincorporated territory of the United States located in the northeastern Caribbean Sea. It is a richly diverse culture with strong Spanish and African roots and is a popular tourist destination for its beaches, rainforests, and historical sites.

The capital and largest city are San Juan, and its official languages are Spanish and English. The economy is largely based on tourism, with pharmaceuticals and manufacturing also playing a role. Puerto Rico is known for its vibrant culture, music, and cuisine.

1. Puerto Rico is the Oldest European-Established Settlement in the US

Puerto Rico is the oldest European-established settlement in the US, having been colonized by Spain in the 16th century. The island was ceded to the US in 1898 after the Spanish-American War. It is a self-governing commonwealth of the United States, with its constitution, government, and citizens

2. Puerto Rico is the Smallest Island in the Greater Antilles

Beach along the west coastal of Puerto Rico photo By Arturo Donate Wikimedia

Puerto Rico is the smallest and most easterly island of the Greater Antilles, which are a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea. It lies about 1,000 miles southeast of the US mainland and is about 100 miles long and 35 miles wide.

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3. Puerto Rico is the only Caribbean Island to Have the United States Postal Service

Puerto Rico is the only Caribbean island to have the United States Postal Service (USPS). This is because Puerto Rico is an unincorporated territory of the United States, and as such, it is subject to the laws and regulations of the USPS.

The USPS handles all postal services within Puerto Rico, including mail delivery, package delivery, and international mail delivery. This means that residents of Puerto Rico have access to the same services and benefits as those of the mainland United States. Additionally, Puerto Ricans can also use USPS services to send mail and packages to other countries. This is a great benefit to Puerto Ricans who may have family or business interests abroad.

4. The Taíno People were the First Natives to Inhabit Puerto Rico

The Taíno people were the first natives to inhabit Puerto Rico. They were a hunter-gatherer society that lived in small villages and subsisted primarily on root crops, fish, and games. The Taíno were skilled navigators and traders and had an extensive trading network throughout the Caribbean and Central America.

They also had a complex social and religious structure, with many gods and rituals. Today, the descendants of the Taíno people still live in Puerto Rico and continue to practice their traditions.

5. The Official Languages of Puerto Rico are Spanish and English

The official languages of Puerto Rico are Spanish and English. Spanish is the predominant language, with English being the second language spoken by a minority of the population. Spanish is the language of government, education, and business in Puerto Rico, and is used in the media and everyday life.

English is widely used in many areas, including business and tourism, and is often spoken by people in the service industry. Both languages are recognized in Puerto Rico’s constitution.

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6. The Capital of Puerto Rico is San Juan

Iglesia de San Carlos Borromeo in Aguadilla, Puerto Rico photo by The Eloquent Peasant Wikimedia

San Juan is the capital and most populous city of Puerto Rico, an unincorporated territory of the United States. Located on the island’s north coast, it is the oldest continuously inhabited city in the United States and one of the oldest in the Americas.

San Juan is a major port and tourist destination and is known for its rich history and culture, as well as its vibrant nightlife and beaches.

7. The Traditional Music of Puerto Rico is Called Plena

The traditional music of Puerto Rico is called Plena. It originated from the working-class people of the island and is closely associated with African rhythms and the Afro-Caribbean culture of Puerto Rico.

Plena is a type of music that is typically accompanied by a large group of singers and percussion instruments such as tambourines, drums, and maracas. Plena is often performed at parties, festivals, and other celebratory gatherings.

8. The Official Currency of Puerto Rico is the US Dollar

Us Dollar photo By Selbst digitalisiert Wikimedia

The US Dollar is the official currency of Puerto Rico. The US Dollar is the currency of the United States and is accepted as legal tender in Puerto Rico. The Puerto Rican government has issued its coins and paper money, but these are largely used for commemorative purposes and are not accepted in most stores and businesses.

Since Puerto Rico is a US territory, most retailers accept US Dollars as payment. The US Dollar is also used in international transactions and is the de facto currency in the Caribbean region.

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9. Puerto Rico is Home to the World’s Largest Radio Telescope

The Arecibo Telescope is a 305 m (1000 ft) diameter radio telescope located in the municipality of Arecibo in Puerto Rico. Built in the 1960s, the telescope is the largest single-aperture telescope in the world and has made numerous discoveries, including the first binary pulsar, the first extrasolar planets, and the first detections of organic molecules in space.

10. Puerto Rico is the Most Densely Populated Island in the Caribbean

Puerto Rico is the most densely populated island in the Caribbean, with a population of 3.2 million inhabitants. In addition to its high population density, Puerto Rico also boasts a wide variety of cultures and a vibrant history.

It is known for its tropical climate and stunning beaches, as well as its unique music, dance, and cuisine. Puerto Rico also has an array of natural resources, including rainforests and coral reefs.

11. Puerto Rico is Home to the World’s Largest Carnival

The San Sebastian Festival is the world’s largest carnival and is held every year in Puerto Rico. It is an incredible celebration of life, music, and culture that attracts people from all over the world. The festival is held in honor of the patron saint of Puerto Rico, San Sebastian.

It features colorful parades and vibrant costumes that represent the island’s diverse heritage. There is also live music and dancing in the streets, as well as food vendors offering traditional Puerto Rican cuisine. The festival is a great way to experience the culture and history of the island and to join in the celebration.

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12. The First European to Reach Puerto Rico

Christopher Columbus was the first European to arrive in Puerto Rico in 1493, during his second voyage to the New World. He named the island San Juan Bautista, after John the Baptist. On his third voyage, in 1498, Columbus named the island “Puerto Rico,” which translates to “rich port.”

Columbus and his crew explored the islands, establishing friendly relations with the native Taíno people and trading European goods for gold and other items. This initial contact between Europeans and the native Taíno population initiated a long history of European influence in Puerto Rico.

13. The Island of Puerto Rico is Divided into 78 Municipalities

Puerto Rico is divided into 78 municipalities, also known as municipios. These municipalities are the primary administrative divisions of Puerto Rico and are responsible for providing local services such as police, fire protection, public education, health care, and transportation.

Each municipio is headed by a mayor, who is elected by the citizens of the municipality. The municipalities are further divided into barrios, which are small neighbourhoods or communities within a municipality.

14. Puerto Rico has Over 270 Miles of Coastline

Puerto Rico has over 270 miles of coastline, which makes it a great destination for beachgoers. The coastline is dotted with coves, bays, beaches, and lagoons, giving visitors plenty of options for swimming, snorkeling, kayaking, and other water activities.

The beaches are also known for their stunning views of the Caribbean Sea and the surrounding islands. Puerto Rico’s coastline is a major tourist attraction and provides a great opportunity for those looking to relax and explore.

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15. Puerto Rico has Two International Airports

Vieques airport, Puerto Rico photo by David Broad Wikimedia

Puerto Rico has two international airports, Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport in San Juan and Rafael Hernández International Airport in Aguadilla. Both airports are served by several international airlines, including Delta, JetBlue, American, United, Copa, and Lufthansa, providing connections to destinations around the world.

Both airports offer a wide range of services and amenities, such as duty-free shops, lounges, and restaurants. Additionally, Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport is classified as a major port of entry by the US Customs and Border Protection.

16. Puerto Rico is the Home of the World’s Longest Underwater Cave System

Underground river in Camuy,_Puerto_Rico photo by By Oscar Rohena Wikimedia

Puerto Rico is home to the world’s longest underwater cave system, known as the Río Camuy Cave System. This cave system is comprised of 23 underwater caves, with depths ranging from 10 to 300 feet. The caves are part of the Camuy River Basin, a protected area in the northern karst region of Puerto Rico.

The caves offer an incredible range of geological formations, such as stalactites, stalagmites, columns, and curtains. Visitors can explore the caves on guided tours, and even take part in snorkeling and scuba diving activities. The Río Camuy Cave System is a unique and beautiful destination that offers a unique experience.

17. The Official Bird of Puerto Rico is the Puerto Rican parrot

Puerto_Rican_parrot photo By Tom MacKenzie Wikimedia

The Puerto Rican parrot (Amazona vittata) is the official bird of Puerto Rico and is one of the most endangered species of parrots in the world. This endangered species is endemic to the island of Puerto Rico and is the only species of parrot that is native to the Caribbean.

The Puerto Rican parrot is an important symbol of the island’s natural heritage and is currently protected by the US Endangered Species Act.

18. The Official Flower of Puerto Rico is the Flor de Maga

Flor de Maga photo By https://www.flickr.com/photos/oquendo/ Wikimedia

The Flor de Maga, or the Maga Flower, is the official flower of Puerto Rico. It is a small yellow flower with five petals, which is the national symbol of the country. The flower is deeply connected to the culture of Puerto Rico, and it represents its beauty and strength.

The flower is often used to decorate the flag of the island nation, and it is also used in festivals and celebrations. Its importance to Puerto Rico is so great that it has been declared the national flower in 1994.

19. The National Dish of Puerto Rico is Arroz con Gandules

Rice and Pigeon Peas photo by By Jose Kevo Wikimedia

Arroz con gandules is the national dish of Puerto Rico. It is a traditional dish made with yellow rice, pigeon peas (gandules), pork, and salsa criolla. The dish is usually served with a side of plantains and salad. Arroz con gandules is usually served on special occasions, such as birthdays, holidays, and weddings.

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20. Puerto Rico is Home to the World’s Largest Natural Bioluminescent Bay

Puerto Rico is home to the world’s largest natural bioluminescent bay, located in the islands’ Mosquito Bay. This incredible bay glows with millions of tiny dinoflagellates, creating a beautiful blue-green light show that can be seen from the shore.

Every night, the bay lights up with a captivating spectacle that is unlike anything else on the planet. The bay is an important part of Puerto Rico’s ecology and provides a great source of tourism. It is also popular among scientists, who study the unique organisms that live there.

21. Puerto Rico is Home to the World’s Second-Largest Telescope

Puerto Rico is home to the world’s second-largest telescope, the Arecibo Observatory. The observatory is a research facility operated by the University of Central Florida, in partnership with Yang Enterprises, Inc., and Universidad Metropolitana.

The Arecibo Observatory is a powerful tool for exploring the universe and is used to study radio waves from distant stars, galaxies, and other cosmic objects. The telescope is also used by meteorologists to monitor the atmosphere and track storms on Earth.

22. Puerto Rico is the Birthplace of Salsa Music

Puerto Rico is the birthplace of salsa music, a vibrant Latin genre that combines Afro-Cuban rhythms with jazz and other styles. It is a fast-paced, energetic style of music, characterized by syncopated rhythms and improvisation.

Many of the legendary salsa singers, such as Celia Cruz, Willie Colón, and Héctor Lavoe, come from Puerto Rico. The genre has been popular in Puerto Rico since the 1950s, and salsa clubs can be found all over the island today.

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23. Puerto Rico is Located in the Caribbean Sea, Just East of the Dominican Republic

Puerto Rico is an archipelago located in the Caribbean Sea, just east of the Dominican Republic. It is made up of the main island of Puerto Rico and several smaller islands, including Vieques, Culebra, and Mona.

Puerto Rico is a self-governing commonwealth of the United States, with its constitution and government. It is known for its tropical beaches and vibrant culture, with influences from both Spain and the United States. It is home to several national parks, making it popular with tourists and outdoor enthusiasts alike

24. Puerto Rico is Home to El Yunque National Forest

El Yunque photo By LBM1948 Wikimedia

El Yunque National Forest is located in Puerto Rico and is the only tropical rainforest in the United States National Forest System. It is home to lush green foliage, spectacular waterfalls, and an abundance of wildlife.

It is also the site of many archaeological sites and is home to the endangered Puerto Rican parrot. El Yunque is a great place to explore the outdoors, take in breathtaking views, and experience the unique culture and history of Puerto Rico.

25. The Official Tree of Puerto Rico is the Ceiba Tree

Ceiba Tree photo By Hemant banswal Wikimedia

The ceiba tree is the official tree of Puerto Rico. It is native to the Caribbean region and is highly symbolic of the island’s culture. The ceiba is a large, fast-growing tree and can reach heights of up to 150 feet, with a trunk circumference of 25 feet. Its yellow-white blossoms are fragrant and its fruits are large, yellow, and filled with a white, cotton-like substance.

The ceiba tree is often seen as a symbol of strength, resilience, and protection, and it is believed to be the dwelling place of the gods. It is also an important source of shade, which is essential in the tropical climate of Puerto Rico.

26. Culebra and Vieques are Two Small Islands Off the Coast of Puerto Rico

Culebra and Vieques are two small islands located off the coast of Puerto Rico. Culebra is known for its beautiful beaches, such as Flamenco Beach and Tamarindo Beach. It is also home to the Culebra National Wildlife Refuge, which protects a variety of wildlife, including the endangered leatherback turtle.

Vieques is known for its stunning bioluminescent bay, which is home to a variety of glowing microorganisms. It is also home to the Vieques National Wildlife Refuge, which is home to a variety of wildlife, including the endangered green sea turtle. Both islands are popular spots for snorkeling and diving as they are surrounded by breathtaking coral reefs.

27. Puerto Rico is Home to the World’s Largest Single-Dish Radio Telescope

Puerto Rico is home to the world’s largest single-dish radio telescope, known as the Arecibo Observatory. This large telescope is used to collect data from outer space, including signals from distant stars and galaxies.

It is one of the most powerful telescopes in the world and its data has been used to discover hundreds of new galaxies, planetary systems, and other astronomical phenomena. The Arecibo Observatory is part of the National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center and is operated by the University of Central Florida.

28. Puerto Rico is Home to the World’s Second-Longest Underground River System

Underground river in Camuy,_Puerto_Rico photo by By Oscar Rohena Wikimedia

Puerto Rico is home to the world’s second-longest underground river system, the Camuy River Cave System. It is made up of over 10 miles of underground passages, caves, and waterfalls. The Camuy River is made up of three different rivers, which have been carved out by the water over thousands of years.

This underground river system is home to a variety of wildlife, including bats, fish, and other animals. It is also popular among tourists who come to explore the caves. The Camuy River is a great place to take a river tour, as it offers a unique and breathtaking experience.

29. The Official Sport of Puerto Rico is Baseball

Baseball is the official sport of Puerto Rico, a Caribbean island nation located in the northeastern Caribbean Sea. The sport has a long and storied history in the country and is a source of great pride for many Puerto Ricans.

Baseball was introduced to the island by Cuban immigrants in the early 19th century and was quickly adopted by the locals. Baseball is also a major part of Puerto Rican culture, with many festivals and events dedicated to the sport.

30. The Official Animal of Puerto Rico is the Coquí

Coquí photo By Caballero1967 Wikimedia

The coquí is an iconic species that is endemic to Puerto Rico and is the official animal of the island. The coquí is a small frog that is known for its distinctive call, which is often heard in the evening. Its call is often referred to as the “song of Puerto Rico” and is a symbol of the island’s culture and heritage. The coquí is a protected species and is an important part of the local ecosystem.

31. Puerto Rico is Home to the World’s Largest Film Studio

Puerto Rico is home to the world’s largest film studio, the Pinewood Dominican Republic Studios. The studios are part of the Pinewood Studios Group and are located in San Juan, Puerto Rico, making them the largest film studio in the Caribbean. The facilities offer a wide range of services for both motion pictures and television production, including soundstages, digital and post-production, and casting services

32. The Puerto Rican Flag

The Puerto Rican flag is composed of a blue triangle, a white star, and five horizontal stripes of red and white. The blue triangle represents the three branches of the government (executive, legislative and judicial). The white star in the middle symbolizes Puerto Rico and its people, while the red stripes represent the bloodshed in the struggle for independence.

The white stripes represent the victory of the people of Puerto Rico in their struggle for freedom. The flag was adopted in 1952 and is a symbol of national pride for Puerto Ricans.

33. The official Colors of Puerto Rico are Red, White, and Blue

The official colors of Puerto Rico are red, white, and blue, representing the colors of the flag of Puerto Rico. Red symbolizes the courage and strength of the Puerto Rican people, while white stands for the victory of their struggle for freedom. Blue represents the sky and the ocean surrounding Puerto Rico.

The colors are often seen at public events and ceremonies and are used to decorate buildings, streets, and other public places.

34. Puerto Rico is Home to the World’s Largest Solar Energy Plant

Salor plant photo By QueenBarenziah Wikimedia

The Solar I Plant, located in Puerto Rico, is the world’s largest solar energy plant. It is capable of generating up to 54 megawatts of electricity, enough to power around 30,000 homes.

The plant is composed of over 50,000 solar panels, which are spread across an area of over 400 acres. It is estimated that the plant will produce enough electricity to save Puerto Rico around $2.5 million every year in energy costs.

35. The Official Motto of Puerto Rico is “Joannes Est Nomen Eius”

The official motto of Puerto Rico is “Joannes Est Nomen Eius,” which is Latin for “John Is His Name.” This phrase is believed to be referring to St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of Puerto Rico, who is often depicted in the coat of arms of the island. The motto is also a symbol of faith and resilience, as it expresses the belief that Puerto Rico’s identity and culture will endure despite external forces.

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36. Puerto Rico is the Birthplace of the Pina Colada

Pina Colada with key ingredients photo By Foto: Achim Schleuning Wikimedia

Puerto Rico is considered to be the birthplace of the popular drink, Pina Colada. The drink was first created in the 1950s at the Caribe Hilton hotel in San Juan by Ramon “Monchito” Marrero.

Although the exact recipe is a closely guarded secret, the traditional Pina Colada is a mix of light rum, coconut cream, pineapple juice, and ice, all blended. The drink has become an international sensation and is enjoyed by many people around the world.

37. The Island of Puerto Rico is Home to Over 200 Species of Birds

Puerto Rico is a great destination for bird watchers, as it is home to over 200 species of birds. This includes species such as the Puerto Rican Parrot, White-winged Dove, and Brown Booby, among many others.

There are also several endemic species, such as the Puerto Rican Bullfinch, Puerto Rican Emerald, and Puerto Rican Tody. Bird watching is a popular activity in Puerto Rico, as it offers an opportunity to explore the island’s rich biodiversity. Moreover, bird watching can be done at any time of the year, meaning it is a great activity for visitors looking for a break from the beach.

38. The National Drink of Puerto Rico is Rum

-Rum_display_in_liquor_store photo By © O’Dea at Wikimedia Commons

Rum is the national drink of Puerto Rico and has been a part of the culture for centuries. The island is known for its production of rum, which is made from sugar cane and aged in oak barrels. Rum is used in many different ways in Puerto Rico, from being mixed into cocktails to being served neat.

It is also an important part of many traditional celebrations, such as Christmas and the Carnival season. The unique flavors and aromas of Puerto Rican rum are an important part of the island’s identity and culture.

39. The Official Dance of Puerto Rico is the Bomba

The Bomba is the official dance of Puerto Rico and is a traditional African-influenced style of music and dance. The dance is characterized by the complex and intricate body and foot movements, as well as rapid hand clapping.

It is seen as an expression of cultural identity and is often performed at festivals, special events, and family gatherings. The dance is also used as a form of social protest, as it is closely tied to the histories of the African diaspora in Puerto Rico.

40. The Traditional Music of Puerto Rico is Called Jibaro

Jibaro is a traditional style of music from Puerto Rico that dates back centuries. It is an acoustic form of music that is played on instruments such as the cuatro (a four-stringed guitar), maracas, and güiro (a percussion instrument).

The lyrics of Jibaro music often tell stories about the rural life and culture of Puerto Rico, and it is a form of music that is still practised, performed, and enjoyed today.

41. The Official Instrument of Puerto Rico is the Cuatro

The cuatro is the official instrument of Puerto Rico. It is a four-stringed guitar that is played with a pick and can be tuned to various musical scales. It has been a part of Puerto Rican culture for centuries and is often used in traditional folk music, as well as modern genres such as salsa and reggaeton. The cuatro has a unique sound that is both lively and melodic, making it a popular choice for both professional and amateur musicians alike.

42. The Official Cookies of Puerto Rico are Called Galletas de Coco

Galletas de coco is a traditional cookie from Puerto Rico that is made with coconut and other ingredients such as flour, butter, eggs, and sugar. They are usually round and have a crunchy texture. They are a popular snack and are often served with coffee or tea in Puerto Rico. They are also served during celebrations such as birthdays and weddings. Galletas de coco is a classic Puerto Rican cookie that is loved by many.

43. The Official Seal of Puerto Rico

The official seal of Puerto Rico is a powerful symbol of the island’s history and culture. The red shield has three white castles, representing the three military fortresses that once stood in San Juan.

The white key in the center symbolizes the island’s strategic importance in the Caribbean and the role Puerto Rico played in the Spanish-American War. The seal is also a reminder of Puerto Rico’s colonial history since it was designed by Spanish authorities in the late 19th century.

44. The Official Coat of Arms of Puerto Rico

The official coat of arms of Puerto Rico consists of a shield with five alternating red and white stripes, and a blue triangle with a single white star in the center. It is meant to symbolize the struggle for freedom and liberty that Puerto Ricans have endured throughout their history.

The five stripes on the shield are also believed to represent the five branches of the Puerto Rican military, while the triangle and star represent Puerto Rico’s unity and identity as a nation. The coat of arms also includes the words “Isla Borinqueña”, which translates to “Island of Puerto Rico”.

45. The Average Temperature in Puerto Rico is 80°F (27°C)

The average temperature in Puerto Rico is quite warm, typically ranging between 75°F (24°C) and 85°F (29°C). It is usually around 80°F (27°C) throughout the year, with a few days here and there that exceed that. The temperature is slightly higher in the summer months and lowers in the winter months, but overall it remains fairly steady and warm.

46. The Island of Puerto Rico is Home to Over 50 Species of Amphibians and Reptiles

Salamandar photo By Didier Descouens Wikimedia

Puerto Rico is home to a variety of amphibians and reptiles, including frogs, toads, salamanders, geckos, and iguanas. The island’s tropical climate and diverse terrain provide a variety of habitats to support these species, including mangrove swamps, dry forests, and wetland areas.

Many of the amphibians and reptiles are endemic, meaning they are only found in Puerto Rico. These species play an important role in the island’s ecosystem, helping to control insect and rodent populations. The amphibians and reptiles of Puerto Rico are also popular attractions for tourists who visit the island.

46. Puerto Rico is Home to El Morro, a 16th-Century Fort

EL Morro photo By P. Hughes Wikimedia

El Morro is a 16th-century fort located in Old San Juan, Puerto Rico. It was built to protect the city of San Juan from attack by sea. The fort has five levels, with walls that are up to 45 feet high and 25 feet thick.

It is an iconic symbol of Puerto Rican strength and resilience, and a testament to the Spanish colonial rule of the island. El Morro is a popular tourist destination and is listed on the United States National Register of Historic Places.

48. Puerto Rico is Home to the World’s Largest Cruise Ship Port

San Juan Port photo Public Domain Wikimedia

The Port of San Juan in Puerto Rico is the largest cruise ship port in the world, providing a gateway to the Caribbean islands for millions of passengers each year. The port offers visitors a wide variety of amenities and attractions, from duty-free shopping to historical sites and excursions. The port also serves as the hub for several international cruise lines, making it a popular destination for travellers from all over the world.

49. The Traditional Cuisine of Puerto Rico is Called Cocina Criolla

Cocina Criolla is the traditional cuisine of Puerto Rico. It is a combination of Spanish, African, and Taino influences, and is known for its flavorful dishes. Some of the traditional dishes include mofongo (fried plantains with pork rinds and garlic), arroz con gandules (rice with pigeon peas), and pasteles (pork-stuffed plantain and yucca pastries). Cocina Criolla is a very popular cuisine, and it is a key part of Puerto Rico’s cultural heritage.

50. Puerto Rico is Home to a Large Number of Bioluminescent Bays

Puerto Rico is home to several bioluminescent bays, including La Parguera, Mosquito Bay, and La Laguna Grande. These bays are filled with microscopic organisms called dinoflagellates which emit light when disturbed, creating a magical nighttime display.

The bioluminescent bays have become a popular tourist attraction and offer a unique experience for visitors to witness the natural phenomenon. The bays are also important for the local ecosystem, providing food for fish, crabs, and other organisms.


What are 3 things that Puerto Rico is known for? ›

Puerto Rico is the world's leading rum producer; 80% of the rum consumed in the United States hails from the island. There is a counted number bioluminescent bays in the entire world. Puerto Rico is home three bioluminescent bays.

What's a fun fact about Puerto Rico? ›

Other facts

Although Puerto Rico is an American territory, it competes as an individual country in Miss Universe's contests and the Olympics. Flamenco beach, in Culebra, has been recognized as one of the Top 10 Beaches in the world on multiple occasions. The piña colada was invented in Puerto Rico.

How old is Puerto Rico? ›

In 1508, Juan Ponce de León founded the first European settlement, Caparra, near a bay on the island's northern coast; Caparra was renamed Puerto Rico (or “rich port”) in 1521.

What is Puerto Rico's nickname? ›

Its nickname is "Isla del Encanto," or "Island of Enchantment," and on the surface, Puerto Rico seems to fulfill every paradisiacal promise made about it by glossy travel magazines.

What is only found in Puerto Rico? ›

The island's wildlife includes a variety of endemic species, which are found only in Puerto Rico and a few nearby islands. Other unique animals include the Puerto Rican parrot, the Puerto Rican boa, and the Puerto Rican broad-winged hawk, all of which are found only in Puerto Rico and a few nearby islands.

What made Puerto Rico famous? ›

Puerto Rico is known for its beautiful beaches, and with 270 miles (434 km) of sandy shores, there's no shortage on which type of beach you'll find there. What is this? But, it's not just the amount of beachfront that makes Puerto Rico a favorite Caribbean destination; it is the quality and variety of them.

How much is 1 dollar in Puerto Rico? ›

How much is a US dollar in Puerto Rico? US Dollar is same as it is the official currency of Puerto Rico.

What are 3 things that you love about Puerto Rico? ›

Dubbed the 'Island of Enchantment,' Puerto Rico has been captivating the hearts of travelers all over the world for years with its colonial architecture, tropical climate, diverse landscapes, and traditional cuisine.

Why is it called Puerto Rico? ›

Christopher Columbus arrived in Puerto Rico in 1493 during his second voyage to the New World. Initially, Columbus christened the Island San Juan Bautista (St. John the Baptist). The name was soon changed to Puerto Rico, or “rich port,” when the Spaniards realized the impressive amount of gold found in its rivers.

What are 5 products of Puerto Rico? ›

Puerto Rico main exports products are pharmaceuticals, accounting for over 50 percent of all exports. Others include medical equipment, computers, apparel, canned tuna, rum, beverage and concentrates. Puerto Rico's main exports partner is the United States, accounting for around 70 percent of total exports.

What is Puerto Rico's national animal? ›

The Puerto Rican coqui (pronounced ko-kee) is a small arboreal frog that's brown, yellow, or green in color. Its scientific genus name—Eleutherodactylus—means “free toes” because, unlike many frogs, the coqui doesn't have webbed feet.

What is Puerto Rico info for kids? ›

Puerto Rico is not a state, it is an unincorporated territory of the United States. It is located in the Caribbean Sea. Puerto Rico has both Spanish and English for its official languages. The island is very hilly, 75% of the island is made up of mountains or hills.

Can 18 year olds drink in Puerto Rico? ›

There is some similarity between DUI-related laws in Puerto Rico and the U.S. mainland, but there are also differences. For example, the legal drinking age in Puerto Rico is 18, and for those 18–20 years of age, BAC levels must be lower than . 02. g/dL.

Who lived on Puerto Rico first? ›

The first inhabitants of Puerto Rico were hunter-gatherers who reached the island more than 1,000 years before the arrival of the Spanish. Arawak Indians, who developed the Taino culture, had also settled there by 1000 ce. The clan-based Taino lived in small villages led by a cacique, or chief.

Who owns Puerto Rico? ›

Just months later, however, the United States invaded the island during the 1898 Spanish-American War as part of a broader effort to push Spain out of the Caribbean and the Pacific. Spain lost the war and ceded Puerto Rico to the United States, along with other territories, including Guam and the Philippines.

What is Santa called in Puerto Rico? ›

It may sound strange for some that in Puerto Rico, like so many other countries in Latin America and Europe, it is not Santa Claus, but the Three Kings –a.k.a. the Magi, or the Wise Men– who bear the gifts in Christmas, but the explanation for that is rooted in these countries' deeply Catholic history.

What do they call girls in Puerto Rico? ›

17. guial: Comes from the English “girl” and is used in Panama and Puerto Rico.

What do Puerto Ricans call friends? ›

Corillo is quite a useful word to know when talking to your new Puerto Rican friends. The word “corillo” is the Puerto Rican slang for friends or a group of friends.

What is Puerto Rico's national dish? ›


Puerto Rico's national dish clearly has a Caribbean influence, like some of the other food made in the area, but the Puerto Ricans have made arroz con gandules their own with their incredibly delectable sofrito sauce.

What did Puerto Rico invent? ›

The pina colada was invented in Old San Juan, Puerto Rico (another claim was made at the San Juan Caribe Hilton bar). Puerto Rico produces and exports more rum than any other couhtry in the world. Salsa music was invented by Puerto Ricans and Cubans in New York City and was exported to the island.

What were the 4 main products of Puerto Rico? ›

The economy of Puerto Rico is mainly driven by manufacturing, primarily pharmaceuticals, textiles, petrochemicals, and electronics; followed by the service industry, primarily finance, insurance, real estate, and tourism.

What food did Puerto Rico invent? ›

Taínos invented the barbacoa and used a pilón to mash their ingredients and paints. The Spaniards brought a variety of new ingredients including, olives, garlic, bacalao, and cilantro.

What sport is Puerto Rico known for? ›

Since it was introduced in the early 1900's, baseball has been the favorite sport of Puerto Rico, followed very close by basketball, and boxing. In addition, Puerto Rico has been participating in the Olympics since 1948 as an independent country.

What type of flag is this 🇵 🇷? ›

🇵🇷 Flag: Puerto Rico

The flag for Puerto Rico, which may show as the letters PR on some platforms. The Flag: Puerto Rico emoji is a flag sequence combining 🇵 Regional Indicator Symbol Letter P and 🇷 Regional Indicator Symbol Letter R. These display as a single emoji on supported platforms.

How much is a meal in Puerto Rico? ›

Food: At bars and cafes on Vieques, meals are $8–$15 per person. Upscale restaurants average $25–$50 per person.

Is living in Puerto Rico cheap? ›

The cost of living in Puerto Rico is, on the whole, significantly lower than that of the US. However, it's still by no means cheap. In Mercer's Cost of Living Survey for 2022, San Juan ranked 72nd out of 227 countries, placing it on par with large cities worldwide such as Edinburgh and Barcelona.

What are Puerto Ricans most proud of? ›

Puerto Ricans are proud of their cultural heritage and history, stemming from a mix of Taíno, Spanish, and African traditions. Whether it's through music, art, food, traditions, festivals, or one of many other bountiful options, culture is present—and waiting to be discovered—in every corner of this Caribbean paradise.

What are Puerto Ricans favorite food? ›

Some of the favorites are mofongo, tostones, pasteles, arroz con gandules, tembleque, and coquito.

What makes Puerto Ricans happy? ›

Puerto Ricans say emphasis on extended family, an easy warmth among even strangers and a readiness to celebrate anything, anywhere, at any time, all contribute to a high quality of life here.

What Puerto Rico means? ›

Etymology. From Spanish Puerto Rico (literally “Rich Port”). In US English, the name is commonly pronounced and was formerly spelled Porto Rico; many other Spanish Puerto placenames were formerly also anglicized to Porto.

What is the oldest city in Puerto Rico? ›

San Juan, Puerto Rico, is the oldest continuously inhabited post-European contact city in United States territory and the second oldest in the entire Western Hemisphere. Since the Spanish founded it in 1519, San Juan has served as the capital city of Puerto Rico.

Who really discovered Puerto Rico? ›

On November 19, 1493, during his second voyage, Christopher Columbus arrived in Puerto Rico. The indigenous Taíno culture dominated the island. The Taíno called the island Borikén (Spanish Boriquen), “the land of the brave lord.” Columbus named the island San Juan Bautista in honor of Saint John the Baptist.

What are most Puerto Ricans made of? ›

Nationality: Noun Puerto Rican(s). Adjective Puerto Rican. Ethnic composition: white (mostly Spanish origin) 80.5%, black 8%, Amerindian 0.4%, Asian 0.2%, mixed and other 10.9%.

What is Puerto Rico's main religion? ›

Today, depending on the source, Puerto Rico's population is between 75 and 85 percent Roman Catholic. Although weekly church attendance is far below that figure, the Catholic Church has great influence on Puerto Rican life.

What is Puerto Rico's flower? ›

Because of deforestation and disturbance, the species has become common throughout the moist and wet areas of Puerto Rico. Flor de Maga's flower is the “national” flower of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.

What do Puerto Ricans say before eating? ›

When I was in Puerto Rico people would say "buen brovecho" before every meal. It roughly translates to "enjoy your meal", and it became one of my favorite parts of the trip.

What is the Puerto Rican dog? ›

The Gran Mastin de Borinquen, commonly known as the Puerto Rican Mastiff, is the only breed native to Puerto Rico. Many believe that the Gran Mastin de Borinquen originated during the 16th century and descends from Spanish Mastiffs brought to Puerto Rico by Spain's military.

Does my 12 year old need an ID to fly to Puerto Rico? ›

No. According to the Transportation Security Administration (TSA), minors (under 18) do not require a passport when traveling domestically. In addition, considering the fact that Puerto Rico is classified as a US territory, minors won't need to provide any identification documents when traveling.

Can minors drink in Puerto Rico? ›

The drinking age in Puerto Rico is 18. You must be 18 years old to purchase, consume and carry alcohol.

How is Puerto Rico unique? ›

The Island's most famous nature reserve is El Yunque, the only rainforest in the U.S. National Forest System. Spanning 28,000 acres and home to more than 240 types of trees, you'll also find 25 waterfalls, unique bird species like the Puerto Rican parrot, and native species like the coquí frog.

What is Puerto Ricans known for? ›

Puerto Rico's culture is a colorful tapestry of old and new, mixing indigenous, Spanish, and African traditions. You'll find expressions of that culture all around the Island — from art museums to vibrant murals, from bomba dance lessons to lively festivals that fill the streets.

What's famous about Puerto Rico? ›

Puerto Rico is known for its beautiful beaches, and with 270 miles (434 km) of sandy shores, there's no shortage on which type of beach you'll find there. What is this? But, it's not just the amount of beachfront that makes Puerto Rico a favorite Caribbean destination; it is the quality and variety of them.

What is Puerto Rico people known for? ›

Puerto Ricans are known for their warm hospitality, often considered very friendly and expressive to strangers. Greetings are often cordial and genuine.

What food is Puerto Rico known for? ›

The vibrancy of Puerto Rican culture comes alive in its dishes, a celebration of flavors that visitors have the opportunity to indulge in. Some of the favorites are mofongo, tostones, pasteles, arroz con gandules, tembleque, and coquito.

What did Puerto Ricans invent? ›

The pina colada was invented in Old San Juan, Puerto Rico (another claim was made at the San Juan Caribe Hilton bar). Puerto Rico produces and exports more rum than any other couhtry in the world. Salsa music was invented by Puerto Ricans and Cubans in New York City and was exported to the island.

What culture is Puerto Rican? ›

Because of the many interactions between the native Taino people and Spanish settlers, Puerto Rican culture is a blend of Taino, Spanish, and African cultures. Aspects of all three can be seen in modern-day Puerto Rico.

Who is a famous Puerto Rican? ›

Some other Hollywood “big names” who hail from Puerto Rico include actress and philanthropist Roselyn Sánchez, Academy Award-nominee Joaquin Phoenix, and veteran actor Luis Guzmán.

How do you say hello in Puerto Rico? ›

¡Hola, hola! Hey!


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